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What Is a Flat Weave Rug?

What Is a Flat Weave Rug?

When buying a new rug for their home, most people choose one based on color, comfort, cost and design. Mostly, they want to ensure the rug goes with the vibe of the room it will be in and that it fits their budget. Little thought goes into the specific types of rug construction, such as a flat weave rug, how they are made, and the history of the rug. However, sometimes those things are important to know…and interesting! How a rug is made, whether it be handmade or manufactured, has a lot to do with the quality and longevity that you will receive. It also will determine how you will need to care for your rug. By doing some research and educating yourself on these things, you are being a smart consumer. And overall, smart consumers gain more out of their purchases than someone who doesn’t care. 

A flat weave rug is one of four main types of rugs you will learn about in a series of articles. It is a highly popular choice for the home and office and there are endless style designs to choose from. The Raval rug from Resonnaire Home is a great example of a flat-woven rug made of New Zealand wool and bamboo silk. 

Continue reading to learn more about this type of rug. 

History of the Flat Weave Rug

The flat weave rug type is one of the oldest around, which started with Chain Stitch, Needlepoint, Aubusson Weaves, and Hooked rugs. Some of the more modern flat weave styles taken from older times include Dhurries, Soumaks, and Kilims. For example, Kilim flat woven rugs date back to 7,000 BC in the area of Turkey, but also have been seen in North Africa and Central and South America. Due to the low pile of the weave, it was the perfect type of textile to utilize in sandy, desert-like areas. 

Historically, flat woven textiles served various functions. Some were used in spiritual ceremonies and weddings, while others were used as tent flooring and coverings, among other practical reasons. These rugs played a role in economies and as a means of trading for supplies. 

Fast forward to modern-day times, flat weave rugs are everywhere. The way they are made along with the design choices available to customers, make them the perfect rug. 

How Flat Weave Rugs are Made?

Rug-making is not simply a job…it is an art. People have been making various types of ornate, yet functional rugs for thousands upon thousands of years. While some production techniques have transformed with the changing times, other historical techniques are still used today.

Flat woven rugs are made with natural fibers (preferably) on a loom, which can be done by hand or with a machine. They lie flat on a surface and do not have a pile, hence the flat in its name. Either the rug-maker or the machine creates weaves through warps (vertical yarns) and wefts (horizontal yarns) that ultimately make the rug whole. There is no knotting involved in making a flat woven rug. This specific Moroccan wool rug is not a flat weave rug. 

This quick video shows how these rugs are made by hand.

 The Benefits to Owning a Flat Weave Rug

Each kind of rug you purchase has its benefits. That is why when you are shopping for a new rug, you do some research first to determine what type will best fit your lifestyle. Rug owners with children and pets might prefer a more durable, stain-resistant rug. While someone living alone or only needing the rug for an area that is not high in traffic can afford to buy a different type of rug. There really aren’t many negatives to owning a flat weave rug unless you want something with a pile for whatever reason. 

These are four benefits to owning a flat weave rug, which hopefully will help you decide if it’s the right one for you.

1.) Durable 

A flat woven rug is already flat and is highly flexible. This means that high traffic and furniture will not cause areas of the rug to morph. It is also thin, light, and easy to move. 

2.) Easy-to-Clean

Vacuum and clean away! Due to the lack of pile and texture, dust and dirt can’t hide away in crevices. Sweep it, vacuum it, blot it, or throw it in the washing machine. This is the perfect rug to own if you have children, pets, or a lot of people in the home. 

3.) Affordable

This type of rug is much less expensive than most. This is mainly due to the fact that it takes less time to produce, as the process is not as intricate as other rugs. The cost here has nothing to do with the quality of the rug. 

4.) Versatile 

Flat weave rugs are highly versatile and can go in any room with any furniture. And they come in a variety of fun designs, if that’s what your style is. 

Overall, a flat weave rug is a good choice for many households, offices, and even classrooms. If you’re in the market for a new rug, evaluate your needs and determine what the function of the rug will have in your home. Make sure you measure your space correctly and read our How to Measure for a Rug resource Will it be purely decorative? In that case, another style might be more interesting. But if it’s to add function to a room and allow people to enjoy it’s soft, thin feeling, then a flat weave rug might be for you. 




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